Best Laparoscopic Surgery Treatment in Delhi
Laparoscopic Surgery Treatment or minimal invasive surgeries is becoming increasingly popular for their benefits without effecting the purpose of it. Laparoscopic Surgery is a kind of Minimal Invasive Surgery, which most of the people are not aware about. Lets have a understanding on the same and upon the benefit it carries for the patients.
Laparoscopic Surgery Treatment
Laparoscopic surgery refers to the surgical procedures that involve inserting a laparoscope (a long, thin tube with a video camera mounted on it) into the body. Most of the minimal invasive surgeries use a similar procedure, laparoscopic surgeries are characterized by the use of laparoscopes.
Procedure of Laparoscopic Surgery Treatment
Laparoscopic surgeries involve inserting a laparoscope into the patient’s body through a tiny cut. Usually, multiple such cuts are made into the body, each no bigger than half-an-inch. The camera mounted on the tube gives the surgeons a better view of what’s inside on the computer screen.
Laparoscopic Surgery is executed using local anesthesia, when it numbs the area for the surgical site, so even though patient is awake during the surgery, he/she will not complaint for pain. While in the surgery, the surgeon draws an incision, and then inserts a small tube called a cannula. Cannula inflates the abdomen with carbon dioxide gas.
Usage of Laparoscopic Surgery
- Short Stay at hospital
- Scar less to the patient
- Minimal pain to the patient
- Early recovery of the patient
- High Success rate compared to traditional surgeries
Purpose for Laparoscopic surgeries
Diagnostic procedures: There are certain cases where laparoscopy is the most viable option. Diagnosing particularly in the pelvic or abdominal region, is best done non-invasively and laparoscopy is perfect solution for it.
There are many ways to diagnose conditions non-invasively like ultrasound, CT scan etc. However, when none of them yield a desirable result, laparoscopy is used.
Another scenario where laparoscopy is useful is when the doctor needs to perform biopsy over an internal organ, like liver or intestines. Since performing a full surgery for a biopsy can be rather unnecessary for the patient, especially if a full surgery needs to be followed immediately, laparoscopy is extremely helpful.
Surgical procedures: Laparoscopy is generally used on the internal organs that are not easily accessible by other means, like pancreas, stomach, spleen, pelvic region or liver.
Other: Laparoscopy can identify conditions and determine scenarios when other methods of diagnosis fail. These include:
- A tumor in an internal organ
- Disease affecting an internal organ
- Accumulation of fluid inside an organ
- The stage of a disease or tumor which cannot be usually determined by a MRI or CT scan
- How effective the existing treatment is working for the patient
- Aiding in surgery where usual surgical procedures couldn’t be carried out
Post-operative complication for Laparoscopic Surgery
Of course, no procedure is perfect. Also while performing the surgery surgeons may face some difficulties as smaller cuts really reduce the scope of movement for the surgeons, which affect their dexterity. Moreover, the only use of tools to perform the surgery instead of using hands reduces their efficiency to judge the amount of force that could be applied during the procedure. There is also the risk of applying extra pressure and damaging the tissues. Performing surgery through a computer monitor hinders the depth perception, and may sometimes lead to movements with negative consequences.
Side effects of surgery
- Severe abdominal pain.
- Continuous nausea and vomiting.
- Fever above 101F.
- Pus, infection or bleeding at incision site.
- Significant pain during urination or bowel movements.
A fairly new but revolutionary procedure is the use of robots during laparoscopy. In this type of laparoscopic surgery, the surgical instruments that are usually operated by the surgeons are replaced by robotic arms. The surgeons then operate the robotic arms to perform the surgery.
Many surgeons have found this to be extremely helpful, especially in getting the correct depth perception (which was a problem in usual laparoscopy) by getting three-dimensional images. Many other risks are also eliminated, like giving more working space to the surgeon and being sure of the exact pressure that is being applied
Preparing for laparoscopy
Certain steps must be taken before you undergo a laparoscopic procedure:
- The dosage of certain medications might be reduced or stopped, as advised by the doctor, before the surgery. These include anti-inflammatory drugs, anticoagulants, supplements or certain vitamins.
- If you are already pregnant or even suspect pregnancy, you must inform the doctor so that the surgeons could take appropriate care during the surgery.
- Food and drinks must be avoided before the procedure, possibly 8 hours before.
- Certain tests might need to be carried out like ECG, urine analysis and X-ray scan.
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Laparoscopic surgery is a brilliant evolution in minimally invasive surgeries that get the job done without tearing the patients too much. It greatly reduces the effort on the part of patients, who could recover and return to their normal lives sooner. It also reduces the risks like excess bleeding on the part of surgeons as they have to make smaller incisions. Overall, laparoscopy has been nothing short of a revolutionary surgical procedure.
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