In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
Infertility is a dark, lonely situation which is hard to experience. It is difficult to live with the reality which comes with the countless trying, investigations and failure to conceive even after the various procedures. Medical science with its increasing advances has created a reproductive assistance to the infertile couples. In Vitro Fertilization or popularly known as IVF wherein the egg and sperm are fertilized in a laboratory dish and then transferred to the uterus.
Sir Robert Edwards and Patrick Steptoe are the pioneers of IVF in 1978. Louise Brown is the first test tube baby born by IVF. Infertility can be due to both male and female factors which needs to be assessed carefully.
Which are the couples who can go for In Vitro Fertilization?
IVF can be useful in the patients with following conditions:
- Women with blocked fallopian tubes
- Male having low sperm count or abnormal structure and motility of sperms
- Women with Endometriosis , ovarian failure, and ovulation disorders
- Couples having genetic diseases in which conceiving is difficult
- Unexplained infertility
What are the procedures of In Vitro Fertilization?
A couple has to undergo five steps in IVF:
1: Stimulation of ovaries for egg production:
Fertility drugs are given to stimulate the ovaries for ovulation or known as egg production. Normally, only one egg is released from ovaries. Fertility drugs cause the ovaries to produce many eggs. Follicular studies are done to monitor the follicular growth and development through transvaginal ultrasounds. Blood tests are also done to check levels of hormones.
2. Retrieving of eggs
A small outpatient procedure is carried out to retrieve the eggs/follicular fluid aspiration from woman’s ovaries .The woman is put under anaesthesia. There is continuous monitoring of the woman’s reproductive system by ultrasound imaging. The doctor inserts a needle connected to a suction device into the vagina … Continue Reading ››