WHAT IS HERNIA
Laparoscopic Hernia is a way of treating Hernia with least risk. A hernia is the protrusion of a viscus or part of it through an abnormal opening in the wall by which it is normally contained.
CLASSIFICATION OF HERNIA
Hernias can be broadly classified as internal or external.
External hernias can occur spontaneously as a result of congenital defect or following any surgical intervention when they are called incisional hernias.
Depending upon the site of external hernia they are classified as
- Inguinal hernia which can be indirect or direct
- Femoral hernia
- Spigelian hernia
- Lumbar hernia
- Obturator hernia
- Perineal hernias
- Umbilical hernia
- Epigastric hernia Approximately 75% of all hernias are inguinal; of these, 50% are indirect (male-to-female ratio, 7:1), with a right-side predominance, and 25% are direct. About 10% of hernias are incisional or ventral
ETIOLOGY OF HERNIA:
- The etiology of most hernias can be explained on the basis of congenital defect in the body wall. However, any condition that increases the pressure in the intra-abdominal cavity may contribute to the formation of a hernia which includes the following:
- Only 3-5% of hernias are femoral
- About 14% of hernias are umbilical
- Internal hernias mostly occur after abdominal surgical intervention.
- Marked obesity
- Heavy lifting
- Straining with defecation or urination
- Peritoneal dialysis
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
PRESENTATION OF HERNIA:
The typical presentation of an asymptomatic hernia is as follows:
- Swelling or fullness at the hernial site with aching or dragging sensation
- Enlargement of the swelling with increasing intra-abdominal pressure which can result from coughing or straining.
LAPAROSCOPIC HERNIA TREATMENT:
Surgery is the only definitive treatment for the management of hernia and it is mandatory in almost all hernias because of complications which can happen in any case of untreated hernia.
Hernia surgery can be done by Open … Continue Reading ››
What is Hysterectomy Treatment?
A hysterectomy is a surgical procedure to remove a woman's uterus from the body. After this, you no longer have menstrual periods and cannot become pregnant.
Why is Hysterectomy performed?
Hysterectomy is used to treat many women’s health conditions. A woman may have a hysterectomy for different reasons, including:
- Uterine prolapse
- Uterine fibroids
- Severe Endometriosis
- Heavy vaginal bleeding (which is not controlled by other treatment methods)
- Chronic pelvic pain
- Abnormal uterine bleeding
- Cancer (or precancer) of the uterus, ovary, cervix, or endometrium (the lining of the uterus)
Types of Hysterectomy Treatment?
Type of Hysterectomy depends upon the reason for this procedure. The surgeon may choose to remove all or only part of the uterus depending upon the condition of the patient. Types of hysterectomies are mentioned below:
- Total Hysterectomy: The Surgeon removes the whole uterus and the cervix. This is the most common type of hysterectomy.
- Partial or Subtotal or Supracervical Hysterectomy: The Surgeon removes only the upper part of the uterus. The cervix is left in place.
- Radical Hysterectomy: It is most often used to treat certain types of cancer, such as cervical cancer. In Radical Hystrectomy the Surgeon removes the whole uterus, cervix, the tissue on both sides of the cervix, and the upper part of the vagina.
Methods for Hysterectomy Treatment?
Surgical Techniques for Hysterectomy
There are two methods to surgery – a traditional or open surgery and surgery using a minimally invasive procedure.
The methods are selected depending upon the surgeon’s experience, the reason for the hysterectomy, and a woman's health. The hysterectomy technique will partly determine healing time and the kind of scar, if any, that remains after the operation.
Open Surgery Hysterectomy
An abdominal hysterectomy is an open surgery. This is the most common approach to hysterectomy, accounting for about 65% of all procedures.
To … Continue Reading ››