WHAT IS INTRAUTERINE INSEMINATION TREATMENT (IUI Treatment)
IUI is a procedure where semen is instilled inside the uterus of a woman after it has been processed in the laboratory. IUI Treatment is done at the time of ovulation.
It is recommended in cases of male factor infertility like low sperm counts or motility and also in case of unexplained infertility so as to improve chances of pregnancy
DOES IUI INCREASE THE CHANCE OF PREGNANCY
In IUI, the washed sperms are deposited directly in the uterus at the time of ovulation.By this there are more chances for gametes (eggs and sperms) to fertilise and cause pregnancy.
BEST TIME FOR AN IUI
The best period to do an IUI is immediately after ovulation (egg release).
HOW IS IUI PERFORMED? DESCRIBE AN IUI PROCEDURE?
IUI is a simple,non painful procedure.Firstly,the husband’s semen is collected and then prepared in laboratory so we get the maximum number of good motile sperms.Thereafter the woman (wife)is positioned to lie down and a speculum is inserted in the vagina. Semen washes in loaded in a sterile plastic catheter and introduced through the cervix into the uterine cavity and is then injected slowly.
WHAT ARE THE PRE IUI TREATMENT STEPS
IUI Pre Treatment steps are as follows:-
1)Screening tests for both husband & wife.
2)Tubal patency test of wife is desirable.
3)Ovulation induction with medications
4) Follicular monitoring by ultrasound.
5)Timing of ovulation by giving an HCG trigger injection (for
egg release) when the follicles are mature(>20 mm).
6)36-40 hours later, semen is processed and IUI done.
EXTRA PRECAUTIONS AFTER IUI PROCEDURE?
A woman is asked to lie down for 15-30 minutes after IUI procedure,thereafter she can resume her routine activities .She is asked to take prescribed medications on time as advised.