Kidney Stone Treatment is complex, it is a rock like mass made up of tiny crystals in kidney. Kidney stones are formed when substances which are normally found in the urine become highly concentrated. Kidney stones vary in size. Small stones travel through the Urinary Tract and pass on its own while larger stone may get stuck along the urinary tract causing severe pain or bleeding and can block the flow of urine. Kidney Stone Treatment is must then and there are many ways to cure it.
CAUSES OF KIDNEY STONE
Factors that increase your risk of developing kidney stones include:
Hypercalciuria: urine contains unusually large amounts of calcium.
Hyperparathyroidism: extra calcium in the blood.
Dehydration: Not drinking enough water each day can increase your risk of kidney stones.
Gout: painful swelling of the joints
Blockage of the Urinary Tract
Family history of kidney stones, you are more likely to develop stones, too.
Certain Diets: A diet that is high in protein, sodium and sugar
Being obese: High body mass index (BMI), large waist size and weight gain
Digestive diseases and surgery: Gastric bypass surgery, inflammatory bowel disease or chronic diarrhea.
Other Medical conditions: Renal tubular acidosis, Cystinuria, Hyperparathyroidism, certain medications and some urinary tract infections.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF KIDNEY STONE
Nausea and vomiting
pain on urination
urinating small amounts of urine
extreme pain in the side and back, below ribs
urinating more often than usual
pain that spreads to the lower abdomen and groin
red, pink or brown urine
cloudy or foul-smelling urine
fever and chills if an infection is present
EXAMS & TESTS FOR KIDNEY STONE
Imaging: simple abdominal X-rays ultrasound
High-speed or dual energy computerized tomography (CT
PCNL Surgery is a procedure to remove large and complex stones in kidney which are resistant to ESWL. PCNL is a minimal invasive surgical.
BLOOD IN THE URINE IS HOW MUCH SERIOUS
In case of blood in urine patient should consult the Urologist right away as it needs urgent medical attention. If ignored then complications may vary from urinary Tract Infection to malignancy/cancer.
PROCEDURE OF PCNL SURGERY FOR KIDNEY STONES
A procedure called percutaneous nephrolithotomy is a minimal invasive surgical procedure for removal of kidney stone using small telescopes and instruments inserted through a small incision (keyhole) in patient’s back. This is carried out in Spinal or General Anaesthesia. With the laser and lithotripter stone is fragmented and removed. A DJ stent is placed in kidney after the surgery and this stent is removed 7 days post-surgery.
RECOVERY TIME AFTER PCNL SURGERY
It takes 24 hours for a patient to get recovered after PCNL.
STAGHORN KIDNEY STONE REMOVAL SURGERY
A staghorn kidney stone or staghorn calculi are branched stones that occupy a large portion of the kidney. This can be removed by making multiple tracts into the kidney and stone is fragmented and complete evacuation is achieved.
PUS IN URINE
Pus in urine is developed due to presence of Infection, stone or tumor in kidney or urinary bladder.
RISK IN PCNL PROCESS
With latest advancements and skilled urologists PCNL is the safest modality which is carried out with minimal loss of blood.
EXTRACORPOREAL SHOCK WAVE LITHOTRIPSY
ESWL has been used for non-surgical fragmentation. It is non-invasive procedure performed to fragment stones using repeated shock waves.