ESWL (Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy)
ESWL uses Ultrasound waves to create strong vibrations (shock waves) that break the stones into tiny pieces that can be passed in your urine. The procedure lasts about 45 to 60 minutes and can cause moderate pain, so you may be under sedation or light anaesthesia to make you comfortable. Multiple sittings might be required for Kidney Stone Treatment.
PCNL (Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy )
This is a surgery to remove large stones present in the kidney. It is a procedure named Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) which surgically removes a kidney stone using small telescopes and instruments inserted through a small incision. Mini PCNL , Ultra Mini PCNL are also available.
It is a procedure in which a small scope (like a flexible telescope) is inserted into the bladder and ureter and it is used to diagnose and treat a variety of problems in the urinary tract. For ureteral stones, it allows the urologist to actually look into the ureter, find the stone and remove it. The surgeon passes a tiny wire basket into the lower ureter via the bladder, grabs the stone and pulls the stone free. This is an outpatient procedure with or without a stent inserted (a tube that is placed in the ureter to hold it open).
Retrograde Internal Surgery (RIRS/Flexible URS)
This is a procedure for doing surgery within the kidney using a viewing tube called a fiberoptic Ureteroscope. RIRS is used mainly to remove stone in kidney and is performed by a specialist where the stone is seen through the scope and fragmented by Holmium Laser.
Gall Bladder Stone Treatment/Laparoscopy Chloecystectomy
Gall bladder is a pear shaped pouch which is located under the liver. Its primary function is to store and concentrate bile. Gall bladder also secretes mucus .The gallbladder serves as a reservoir for bile while it’s not being used for digestion. The bile helps the digestive process by breaking up fats. It also drains waste products from the liver into the duodenum, a part of the small intestine.