Sports, especially the contact sports, leads to various injuries such as strain, sprain, knee injury, fracture, rotator cuff injury, torn ligaments and tendons, and swollen muscles.

Most common areas for sports injuries include ankle, foot, and lower leg. The risk of sports injury is more in children as compared to adults.

Many of the sports injuries are believed to be preventable if the preventive measures are strictly followed such as keep body hydrating or doing warming-up which increases the flow of blood to muscles.

Resting is one of the best ways to treat sports injuries. Other options include applying cold pads, compression, and elevation.


Arthroscopy is a surgical treatment which is used to treat, and diagnose the joint disorder. In this procedure, the surgeon makes a small incision on the skin and insert a pencil-sized instrument known as an arthroscope.

The arthroscope contains a lens and light system to illuminate the internal structure of a joint. If the surgeon decides that the condition requires simultaneous treatment then he makes another incision and inserts a specialized instrument to perform the corrective surgery.


Hip replacement surgery is done to relieve the pain and improve mobility. This surgery is advised when other methods to relieve pain are gets exhausted without providing much relief to the patient. Surgery, in most cases, is required in patients suffering from osteoarthritis.


Knee replacement is a surgical procedure in which the natural and damaged knee is replaced with an artificial knee. Based on the the extent of damage to natural knee joint, the replacement may be partial or complete.

The artificial joint made from polymers, metal alloy, and high-grade plastic. The knee replacement surgery is Don to improve the mobility of patients and to reduce the pain. It is commonly down in people who are overweight or obese and also the patients suffering from a severe form of osteoarthritis.


Joint replacement surgery is performed when non-invasive treatment such as medications and physiotherapy fail to alleviate the symptoms of joint disorders.

This surgery is done to reduce joint pain, correcting the deformity, and improve joint mobility. It is common in patients suffering from severe osteoarthritis. In joint replacement surgery, the damages natural joints are replaced with artificial joints.


Back pain is caused due to repeated routine activities, injury and some medical conditions. Although, back pain may develop at any age elderly people are more at risk for developing this condition.

Back pain may be caused due to back strain, back sprain, herniated disc, and scoliosis. The doctor will recommend several treatments to relieve back pain such as:

  • Medications
  • Physical therapy
  • Surgery;
  • Artificial disk
  • Removing of vertebra
  • Spinal fusion
  • Discectomy


Spine surgery is performed to relieve pain. The pain may be caused due to spinal disorder that leads to nerve compression.

Type of surgery to be performed depends upon the severity of the condition and the associated abnormality. Various types of spine surgery include:

  • Laminectomy
  • Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty
  • Discectomy: Discectomy may be performed through the microsurgical method, percutaneous method or spinal fusion.